magento data migration tool and how to use it

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magento 2 migration tool
composer config git
composer require magento/data-migration-tool:<version>

  • Replace the <version> tag with the current version of your Data Migration Tool. For example, if you have version 2.0.2, enter the following:

Data Migration Tool is designed to migrate data from Magento 1 to Magento 2 only. It’s not suitable for migrating from one platform to another, e.g., from WooCommerce to Magento.

What to Know Before Migrating to Magento 2

If you don’t know which version you currently use, follow the steps below.
php <your Magento 2 install dir>/bin/magento --version
There are two ways to install the Data Migration Tool: 
What are the three data migration tools available?

What Magento 2 Data Migration Tool is for

In this guide, we’ll describe both methods. 
data migration magento 2 case study
Adobe recommends following the sequence as above to migrate with no issues. 
Data Migration Tool automates the transfer of the following data to Magento 2:

  • Customers
  • Catalogs
  • Orders
  • Promotions
  • Core configurations

Migration from Magento 1 to Magento 2 is the right move towards a high-performing and profitable eCommerce store. To migrate data smoothly, you need a Magento 2 Data Migration Tool.
In this article, we’ll take you through the step-by-step process of installing this tool in Magento 2.
cd <your Magento 2 clone directory>
git branch

Before the database migration to Magento 2, make sure the versions of Magento and Data Migration Tool match.

  • Settings. The tool migrates the store and system configuration settings from Magento 1 to Magento 2.
  • Data. The tool migrates data from Magento 1 database to Magento 2 database.
  • Delta. The tool migrates incremental data such as new orders and catalog data that may have changed since the primary data migration.

But if you lack the required experience, you’d better contact a reliable Magento agency to assist you, or opt for a safe Magento Database Migration Service as a starter:
To find your Magento 2 version, run the following command in the terminal:
For easy Magento 2 data migration, Adobe developed the official Data Migration Tool. This is a command-line interface tool that has verification, logging, progress tracking, and test functions. It’s free to download and aims to help merchants migrate their stores over to the new and improved Magento 2. 
In turn, the Magento 2 store owners stay one step ahead of the game. They get new powerful features and performance improvements with each software release.
If you have downloaded the Magento 2 software using Composer, you should execute the following command:

Requirements for Data Migration Tool Installation

For the correct Data Migration Tool installation, navigate to the Magento root installation directory and update a composer.json file. This is needed to provide the location for the Data Migration Tool package.
Merchants running the unsupported Magento 1 platform risk facing security and performance issues. Also, they risk their competitive edge since innovative features are no longer added to Magento 1.
However, the tool cannot transfer media files, admin rights, and some custom data.

How to Find Magento 2 Software Version

composer config repositories.magento composer
composer require magento/data-migration-tool:<version>

  • Replace the <version> tag with the current version of your Data Migration Tool. For example, if you have version 2.0.2, enter the following:

But how is data migration done?
During every step, the tool verifies consistency between the Magento 1 and Magento 2 databases and after it performs data transfer. In the delta mode, the tool transfers changes in store data made since primary migration. The final step is verification tests to ensure all data were migrated successfully.
If you are using the latest version of Magento 2, you should also use the latest version of the Data Migration Tool.

How to Find the Data Migration Tool Version

Table of Contents

  • Navigate to your Data Migration Tool directory: vendor/Magento/data-migration-tool.
  • Open your composer.json file in the text editor and find the value “Version.” You’ll see there is the current version of your tool.

Installing Data Migration Tool in Magento 2

Every mode has steps such as the EAV step, the settings step, and the URL rewrite step. 

  1. Using
  2. Using the GitHub repository

Migration to Magento 2 is not as easy as it might look at first. Some believe it’s just a transfer of Magento data from the old store to a new one, but the procedure is a lot more complicated. It involves a complete recreation of Magento 1 data, settings, and design on a clean Magento 2 installation. 

Install from

The Magento 2 Data Migration Tool operates in three modes:

  • Log in to your Magento 2 server as the command-line user.
  • Navigate to the Magento 2 root directory.
  • Execute these commands in the terminal:

For example, migrating a simple store with a default theme and no extensions will take around a workday and cost ,500–2,000. The more customizations you have, the more time and money it will need to migrate.

  • Log in to your Magento server as the command-line user and navigate to the Magento 2 root directory.
  • Execute these commands in the terminal:

How much effort the migration will take depends on the number of customizations on the original Magento 1 store. So does the cost of Magento 1 to Magento 2 migration.
Here’s what you should do to find the version of your Magento 2 migration tool:
However, this is only one of the steps in Magento migration. If you’re tech-savvy enough, you can migrate to Magento 2 yourself.
You will require third-party solutions if you need, for example, product options migration or order import and export. Also, the content migration tool doesn’t allow you to migrate extensions and a theme—they should be created for a Magento 2 store afresh.

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